— Care is… by Jennifer Clarke

A text to give voice to care
Definition of Care? 

Arthur Kleinman (2009)
“Caregiving: The odyssey of becoming more human”. The Lancet, 373(9660), 292–293: 
“Caregiving is a defining moral practice… that makes caregivers, and at times even care receivers, more present and therefore more fully human”

Iza Kavedzija (2021)
The Process of Wellbeing. Cambridge University Press, 26:
humans are always already enmeshed in relations of care with others; Care “invites us to attend to the relational and processual nature of wellbeing, bringsto the fore  people’s interdependencies on one another”
Care is a crucial part of human relationships and interactions. It is a fundamental human practice: it would not be exaggerating to say that care is what makes us Human […]
“Care can be found in the public and private spheres, in domestic as much as institutional settings. It can be nurturing and rewarding, but also taxing or burdensome; a gift and form of labor, and sometimes both at once. As a moral practice, care has the potential to make us better people; however, it can also be entwined with a range of more ambivalent processes linked to abandonment, disregard, or outright evil (Biehl, 2012). We must therefore be careful not to romanticize care or view it in necessarily positive terms: it is entangled with medical, technical, and institutional regimes in complex ways, the effects of which can be supportive but also cruel or ambiguous.”

Tim Ingold (2018)
Anthropology and/As Education, Routledge:
Care is crucial to life. It brings an ethical dimension to attention.
“We care for people and things by giving them our full attention and by responding to their needs.”
Presence demands a response.
“There can be no responsibility without response ability” ( being able to respond).
“To be answerable, one must be able to answer. And to be able to answer, one must be present. In the language of commoning and variation, in which each person speaks with his or her unique and singular voice, rather than a representative of a collectivity, what matters is not so much the words we use as that we should respond with them. For it is by way of our words, and the voices with which we utter them, that we make ourselves present to others, as the particular persons we are.
To care for others, then, we must allow them into our presence, so that we in turn can be present to them. In an important sense we must let them be, so that they can speak to us.”

“Care entails NOT just listening to what others have to tell us, but also responding in kind.”


アーサー・クラインマン(Arthur Kleinman) 2009年「ケアギビング(ケアの提供):より人間らしくなるための探求」. The Lancet, 373(9660), 292-293、373(9660)(292-293ページ)よりの抜粋:

イサ・カベッジャ(Iza Kavedzija);ウェルビーイング(望ましい生活状態―和やかさ、ケア、創造性に関する新刊書 –
「ケアは、人間関係や相互作用の重要な部分だ。ケアは基本的な人間の行為であり、ケアは私たちを人間たらしめるものだと言っても過言ではないだろう。ケアは、公的領域にも私的領域にも、施設にも家庭にも存在する。ケアは、育むものであり、やりがいのあるものでもあるが、同時に,ひどく骨の折れる、負担のかかるものでもある。贈物であり労働であり、時にはその両方のこともある。道徳的実践のように、ケアは、私たちをより良い人間にする可能性を持っている。しかしながら、ケアはまた、放棄、無視、あるいは完全な悪と関連するより相反する心理的葛藤の範疇にも密接に関連している(Biehl, 2012)。したがって、私たちは、ケアをロマンティックなものと考えたり、必ず肯定的な言葉で捉えたりしないように注意しなければならない。ケアは、医療、技術、法制度が複雑な形で絡み合っており、その効果は、支援になることもあれば、残酷であいまいなものになることもある」

ティム・インゴールド(Tim Ingold) 人類学と/教育 2018年より抜粋


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